Nickel-based bilayer thin-film anodes for low-temperature solid oxide fuel cells

Yeageun Lee1, Joonho Park1, Wonjong Yu, Waqas Hassan Tanveer, Yoon Ho Lee, Gu Young Cho, Taehyun Park, Chunhua Zheng, Wonyoung Lee#, Suk Won Cha#

In this study, we investigate the possibility of using Ni-based anodes as alternatives to the Pt-based anodes for thin-film solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) operating at low temperatures. Anodes, electrolytes, and cathodes are sequentially sputtered onto a nanoporous substrate. The pure Ni anodes with modified nanostructures exhibit comparable performance as that of the optimized Pt anodes. Furthermore, a Ni/Ni-YSZ bilayer anode fabricated via a co-sputtering method exhibits approximately 37% higher peak power density than does the optimized Pt anode at 500 °C, demonstrating that noble metal anodes can be replaced by Ni-based anodes in low-temperature SOFCs by optimizing the anode nanostructure.